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Living Lab KDOJ 1: Campus Biodiversity

Living Lab KDOJ 1: Campus Biodiversity

Residential college of Dato’ Onn Jaafar, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia is surrounded with forests which are rich in wildflowers and trees that excrete natural plant resins. We saw this an oppurtunity to reintroduce more local flora and fauna. Therefore, stingless bees hives have been brought into the area of KDOJ in gradual steps, since 2016. To date we are keeping total of 20 hives of stingless bees hives which mainly of the species Heterotrigona Itama. We also keeping stingless bee from the species of Geniotrigona Thoracica and Tetrigona Binghami. This is a part of the open area preservation where we planted more flowering plants to sustain the stingless bees colonies. We also aimed to be a breeding ground of stingless bees using alternative methods such as using stingless bee bait boxes and hive splitting techniques. Stingless bees can definitely fasten the process reproduction of native plants as they are important and efficient pollinators of crops.
a residential college of Dato’Onn Jaafar, at Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia
as shown in Fig.
7. It was installed
there because the location was surrounded with forests
which are rich in wildflowers and trees with natural plant
r
esins.

Stingless bees hives around the KDOJ area

Since 2016 we served as an education center for UTM students, staff, and even the public to learn about the stingless bee farms. Some of the list of previous visit and programs are:
a residential college of Dato’Onn Jaafar, at Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia
as shown in Fig.
7. It was installed
there because the location was surrounded with forests
which are rich in wildflowers and trees with natural plant
r
esins.
a residential college of Dato’Onn Jaafar, at Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia
as shown in Fig.
7. It was installed
there because the location was surrounded with forests
which are rich in wildflowers and trees with natural plant
r
esins.

Undergraduates students visits on entrepreneur subject's assignment

On 1st October 2020, the International Students Council of Nigeria (ISC Nigeria) in collaboration with Residential College Council (RCC), Kolej Dato’ Onn Jaafar (KDOJ) have organized Bee Hive Harvesting Training at Seminar Room, KDOJ. This training was conducted due to the demand made by ISC Nigeria in early September to learn more about Stingless Bee. ISC Nigeria was interested to have a better understanding and knowledge about Bee Hive Harvesting. Moreover, Nigeria is one of the countries that is suitable and has huge potential to produce honey from Stingless Bee. With that aim, few consecutive meetings were conducted between RCC, KDOJ, and ISC Nigeria to make sure the program is well planned and could provide the right impact to the participants. The participants were recruited by ISC Nigeria. Dr. Mohd Amri Bin Md Yunus (KDOJ Fellow) and his team were invited as speakers and facilitators for the program. The training was attended by 20 participants. To which this limited participants were accepted as a measure to follow the SOP provided by UTM during this pandemic. During the program, the participants were exposed to theoretical and practical knowledge of Bee Hive Harvesting using a teaching modules with seven topics. The program was divided into 4 sessions with breaks between sessions. The first session begun with the introduction to Stingless Bee by Dr. Mohd Amri Bin Md Yunus. The second session was practical in nature which focuses on beehive harvesting. Each participant were allowed to experience how to harvest honey directly from the beehive. Also, they have been given the opportunity to the taste the fresh honey from the hive. A special session where students were together for planting a couples of  Syzygium aqueum (watery rose-apple) plants at the end of the program, participants were very satisfied with the program and demand this program be conducted again near future.

a residential college of Dato’Onn Jaafar, at Universiti
Teknologi Malaysia
as shown in Fig.
7. It was installed
there because the location was surrounded with forests
which are rich in wildflowers and trees with natural plant
r
esins.
Stingless Bee Talk 2

Stingless Bees Talk with the International Students

Alternative stingless bees breeding methods

Stingless Bees Talk teaching modules

Stingless Bees talk International students activities

One of the main outcomes from the living lab concepts is publications. It helps us extend the sharing of the knowledge and hoping it to be evolved into producing more concepts, technology, or knowledge, especially for the betterment of sustainability. The list of the publications are:

Title Year Publication Type
Internet of Things (IoT) Application in Meliponiculture
2017
Journal: Scopus indexed
Automated Honey Dehydrator based on Optimized Drying Air Heat
2018
Conference proceeding: non-indexed
IoT Platform for Precision Stingless Bee Farming
2019
Conference proceeding: Scopus indexed
An Optimized Honey Dehydration System with Drying Air Temperature and Relative Humidity Control
2019
Conference proceeding: Scopus indexed

To support the development program of the living lab KDOJ concept, the stingless bees honey are harvested for every 40 days and sell to the public using two packaging options of 74 gram and 300 gram bottles. Another direct benefit of the concept is the KDOJ office staffs have had been given a bottle of stingless bee honey every month, this can help them to increase their body immunity with stingless bee honey.

Stingless Bees honey products

KDOJ office staffs with the stingless bees honey given to them

We are driven to produce innovations that supports the living lab KDOJ concepts. The innovations are aligned with the Ministry of science , technology, and innovation, 10-10 MySTIE (science, tech, innovation & economy) framework. The list and description of the innovations are:

Innovation Link
Smart Stingless Bee Farm System: EMAS | Electronic Meliponini Advanced System
Golden Cooler Running | Honey Dehydrator
MyTradeBee - Marketplace & Resources
MyTradeBee Directory

This application is based on an Android system which runs on any system with SDK Version 16 and above to assist stingless-bee farmers in recording information on the important aspects of stingless-bee keeping such as hive health, security, and hive produce on smart devices. In the invention, all information related to the hive is recorded and transferred to a Google Firebase real-time database. EMAS fetches all the information from the database and represents it on graphs and pages.

Golden Cooler Runnings is a system that can reduce the water percentage of stingless bee honey with a microcontroller to control the drying process employing temperature, drying air speed, relative humidity, and optimized honey exposure surface. The main objective is to reduce water content in stingless bee honey at 22 % in order to prevent rapid fermentation and delay crystallizationo

MyTradeBee is a classified ad platform for the bee community with websites and androids accesss Especially for the stingless bee community. People can sell their harvested honey or give service to other people through this platform. MyTradeBee Directory is a listing platform for the bee community. Also, people can find places to explore, eat, drink and shop nearest them. The main motive of this platform is to make the bee community stronger along with their local business.

We shared the engineering knowledge, through KDOJ mini series sharing session, that can help the stingless bees farmer to have an efficient honey pump system that can help them during the stingless bee honey harvesting process.

We have identified My Bee Savoir National Association as a strategic partners one of the current efforts is the formation of sustainability and Bee Saviour Club, university chapter. Next, is to Encourage future activities that appreciate the existing natural environment like bee conservation and knowledge sharing between university, schools, industries, and public. We also like to promote a healthy and active lifestyle through the bee keeping hobby etc. On top of the efforts we want to introduce more local flora and fauna through activities like planting or reforestation. The pasts and ongoing programs are as such bee removal from the KDOJ buildings to our collaborator farms and talks related to the bees conservation.